Beer is the third most consumed drink in the world. It is brewed from cereals like wheat, maize, and malted barley. Carbohydrates are fermented which produces ethanol. Brewing beer at home is comparatively cheaper and fun. However, it is prohibited to prepare at home in many countries. Before you begin this exercise, it is essential to have all the ingredients ready.
The following are steps that are essential in brewing beer at home.
Have the Right Equipment
According to this website, the following are equipment that you will require for beer brewing:
- Brewing pot
- A strainer
- Rolling pin
- Three gallons of water
- Polyvinyl tube
Clean the Equipment
Cleanliness is essential for brewing beer. It is important to clean everything that will be used.
These can be purchased from the local shops. They include malt, brewer pellets, yeast and a cup of sugar.
Using the rolling pin, start crushing the grains. The grains will be rough in texture and some flour. Alternatively; you might choose to go to the mill.
The following is the procedure for steeping grains.
Choose a grain
Choose the type of grain you intend to use. This will determine your flavor.
Heat water in until it is of moderate temperatures. When it is ready to add the grain. Drop it gently and turn the heat to a lower degree.
Hold the grain in water up to 175F for about 30minutes. The enzymes will be distributed depending on the ratio of water to grains.
Pull the bag
After 30 minutes pull the bag out. After that, rinse with water which ranges from 150-170F.
Put the contents in a brew pot. Add hop pellets and allow the mixture to boil for 1hr. After that, add the remaining pellets and cover it for 10minutes. This will contribute to the final flavor of your beer.
After that, allow gaseous exchange by allowing carbon dioxide produced during fermentation out and let in air. If you can access the airlock, it is recommended during this process.
Cooling the Wort
After boiling, you need to cool the wort as soon as possible. The easiest way of doing this is filling the pot with ice water. After that, stir gently until the temperature is around 80F.
Pour the Cooled Wort Into the Fermenter
Once the wort has been cooled start splashing while pouring it to the fermenter. This introduces oxygen. However, minimize it to prevent unpleasant flavors. Scoop hops using a filter. After that, add water and stir to prepare the yeast for pitching. Close the fermenter with a lid and place in a dark place at room temperature.
Pitching the Yeast
Add yeast to the wort in the fermenter at room temperature. Ensure the wort is below 80F. Many varieties of liquid yeast strains are available. A packet of dry yeast can inoculate approximately five gallons of the wort.
This process will have been completed within ten days. Place the fermenter in a dark place avoid direct sunlight. At this stage, bubbles start forming.
Conditioning the Beer
After primary fermentation, it is essential to filter. You may also extend the cold conditioning period to change the behavior of your drink.
It is essential to add fermentable sugars so that your drink will have a taste. Yeast will act on the sugar hence carbon dioxide which will carbonate your beer.
Your beer is now ready to be bottled. You can use empty water bottles. It is important to maintain hygiene to prevent possible contamination.
This is the final step before you can start enjoying your drink. Allowing aging within 10days is essential. It is not advisable to place it in a fridge until fermentation has taken place to carbonate your beer.